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More information about Bolivia

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Bolivia, often called ”The Tibet of South America”, due to its high and isolated location, without own coastline. The country is dominated by indianculture and -population. Here you find more than thirty different indian groups who represents about 65 % of the total population. Bolivia is a multicultural and fascinating country to visit. You will meet old cultures, since long vanished, as the Tiahuanacu- and the Incacivilisations.

The different climatezones, from the rainforest to the Altiplano, the highplateau with the lake Titicaca and the peaks of the Andes, offers interesting nature-, culture- as well as trekkingexperiences.

I visited Bolivia during five weeks in June/July 1997 and covered about 20 % of the surface.

My trip started in La Paz, the highest situated capital in the world. About 50 % of the population belongs to the indiangroups aymaras or quechuas. 

Lake Titicaca

At lake Titicaca, the highest navigatable lake in the world, I stayed together with an aymarafamily in the village of Kusijatha for almost one week and helpt them with their fieldjobs. An unforgetable experience.

I also had the possibility to visit The Island of Sun, according to the legend, the birthplace of the Inca Empire as well as, the holiest place.


During one week I made different ”djungleexpeditions” among alligators, kapybaras, araparrots, monkeys and anacondas.

We flew in to Rurrenabaque. A small town located at the Rio Beni, which is a tributary to the Amazon River.

From here we continued with a jeep to the village of Santa Rosa, about 120 kilometers south of "Rurre".

The expedition was carried out along the small Yuacuma River, a paradise for people interested in birds and animals.

Salar de Uyuni, The unique Saltdesert.  

I passed ”Salar de Uyuni”, the great saltdesert, on my way to the city of Potosi, which is a wast and barren, but very fascinating part on earth. 

The city of Potosi became the richest on the continent when the spaniards found silver in the mountain Cerro Rico. The mining of silver was of great impotance for the development of Spain, but a big tragedy for the indians and the slaves who were brought here from Africa. More than 7 000 000 (seven milions!) of them died under a period of 200 years.

I finshed my visit to Bolivia with a highaltitude trekk in Parque Nacional de Condoriri y Yungas. We partly followed old paths used by the incas and reached our highest point at 5000 meters above sealevel.

This was my first visit to a south american country and I was surprised to meet only kind and nice people. The continent has a different reputation.

Bolivia, with its different cultures, naturetypes and climatezones is a very interesting, beautiful and fascinating country to visit.

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La Paz

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The Kalasasaya temple. Tiahuanaco

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Lake Titicaca 

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View from
the Island of Sun

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Illimani seen from
the Island of sun

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Huyana Potosi.
Parque Nacional
de Condoriri

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Miners in the

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 The surroundings of
La Paz 

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Tachibo tree
in blossom.

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The carneval in
San Buenaventura.

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Hunting anacondas.

Basic facts:

Conventional longform: Republica de Bolivia

Area, total: 1 098 581 sq km
9 948 000
Population/sq km:
9 pers.
0 km
La Paz (Administr.) / 835 000
Sucre (Formal) / 275 000

Elevation extremes:
Lowest point: 
Rio Paraguay 90 m
Highest point: Illimani 6 582 m
Largest rivers:
 Rio Mamomre, Rio Beni
Largest lake:
Lake Titicaca

Pop. growth rate: 1.69 %
Infant mortility rate: 
(deaths / 1 000 live births)
Life expectancy at birth:
Male / Female 65 / 70

Ethnic groups: Quechua 30 %, Aymara 25 %, Mestizo 30 %, White 15 %
Religions:  Roman Catholic 95 %, Protestants 5.%
Spanish, Quechua, Aymara
Literacy; pop. over 15 years:
Male/Female: 93.1 % / 80.7 %

Independence:  August 6, 1825 from Spain
National holiday:
 August 6, Independence Day

GNP/capita: 1 840 USD
Population below poverty line:
30 %
Boliviano (BOB), 1 BOB = 100 centavos
Tourists (annually): 594 000

Mobiltelphones: 7 179 000
1 103 000
3 652 km
13 302 km


CIA World Factbook 2012/02

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Map of Bolivia

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The flag of  Bolivias was approved in 1888 and has its origin from the independence in 1825. The green field is symbolising the fertility of the country. The yellow field the mineral assets and the red field, the blood of all the brave soldiers who fougth against the spanish army in the battles for independence.

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The stars in the crest of the country are representing the nine different departments of Bolivia. The sheaf  is symbolising the agriculture of the country,  the mountain Cerro Rico in the city of Potosi is representing the silver assets. The alpacka is symbolising the fauna of Bolivia and the condor freedom.


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For more information about Bolivia click one of the links 
Lonely Planet or World Factbook
Todays weather in
La Paz

This page is updated 2012-08-16

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